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What is Recycling? 2017-12-07T11:54:55+00:00

Recycling first step – collection

Collection can be executed in several ways:

  • Selective collection at production firms (cuttings, turnings, etc.)
  • Selective collection from the pouplation (at households or collection centers)
  • Sorting of materials from mixed wastes (or communal waste)
  • Reuseable material non-sorted and delivered to landfill (i.e. no recycling)

Depositing of solid waste transported from municipalities in 1999

Official dumping 15,63 million (m3)
Non-official dumping 1,12 million (m3)
Incineration 2,78 million (m3)
Other 0,33 million (m3)
Total 19,88 million (m3)

Several factors dictate which method should be chosen (material type, quantities, material value, collection and transportation costs, sorting costs, legal framework). Currently in Hungary the proportion of waste ending in landfills is larger than that of the EU average. Landfill fees in Hungary are 70-80% lower than those in EU countries, and in the EU landfilling of many types of recyclable materials is prohibited.

Loacker Kft. places great emphasis on logistics. We actively invest in proper containers, mobil presses, on-site procesing machines (presses, grinding mills), special trucks. The goal is always proper equipment for each customer’s specific needs.

Recovery of “secondary raw material” from collected waste requires a fundamental knowledge of materials handled, market experience, processing capacity, and a stable financial background. Many materials on the market have positive market value. Production firms understandably wish to achieve the best possible prices in addition to receiving correct and professional service. The waste-management firm must know his markets (domestic and foreign) and must have sufficient quantities to guarantee stability for his production partners.

A great deal of investment is necessary to build processing capacity and maintain professional staff on yards conforming to environmental standards. Many expensive, specialized machines are required and the yard itself requires a huge amount of capital to be properly equipped to ensure environmental safety (proper sealed paving, oil-separation equipment, etc.)

Recycling conserves raw materials. It also saves energy and protects the environment. The world is moving steadily into the age of conservation with recycling as an integral part. Recycling truly came into its own with the industrial revolution. Redundant metals, ferrous and non ferrous, became standard materials for the metallurgical industries. Old paper could be reduced to its original pulp form and so made into new paper. Today, this industry is fully international. It is responsible for collecting, sorting, processing and marketing a vast range of materials – the by-products of the manufacturing industries and end-of-life consumer products. These secondary materials are produced to critical specifications and marketed to industries around the globe.

International trade of secondary materials is necessary to supply steelworks, foundries, paper mills, textiles industry and rubber etc. with feedstock material for further environmentally sound production.

The industry employs the skills of hundreds of thousands of men and women as well as using a great armoury of sophisticated machinery.

The pattern of materials use is in theory circular – a sort of perpetual motion, with primary substances being mined or harvested and made into products which eventually become redundant and are then recycled into the manufacturing process. Without recycling, the circle merely becomes a series of events without a logical resolution. Potentially useful materials become a hazard rather than being retained as a resource.

Production from secondary raw materials results in dramatic energy savings when compared to primary production.

Material Energy savings
Steel 74%
Aluminium 95%
Copper 85%
Lead 65%
Paper 64%
Plastics 80%

 

Secondary production is less polluting than primary production. Producing from recycled paper means 35% less water pollution and 74% less air pollution. Producing from recycled steel means 86% less air pollution.

An international business
Secondary material is not available uniformly around the world; it is transported on a considerable scale from areas where it is abundant to regions where it is in demand. A third of the 600 million tonnes of materials processed by the recycling industry annually is traded internationally.

A capital intensive business
Yearly turnover: 160 billion US dollars Yearly investments and R&D: 20 billion US dollars

Creating employment
More than 1.5 million people are directly employed by the recycling industry world-wide.)

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